Die metafoor ‘saam met Christus gekruisig’ in kultuurhistoriese verband10 Sep 2015
The metaphor ‘being crucifi ed with Christ’ in sociohistorical context Crucifi xion is a concept that is far removed from the experience and understanding of the 21stcentury post-modern man. To understand the power of the message of the cross, one fi rst has to determine what the meaning of crucifi xion was to the person in antiquity. The relevant facts about the cross and crucifi xion were intertwined with social and political realities of the time. This article endeavours to construct a valid and probable sociohistorical context for the metaphor Xristw~| sunestau/rwmai (‘I am being crucifi ed with Christ’). The relevant terminology as well as the practice of crucifi xion in ancient nations also receive attention. Possible differences in the shape of the cross and crucifi xion procedures are being debated. The article also tries to conceive of the shame and rejection the condemned had to endure. The sociohistorical implications of the preposition ‘with’ will be discussed to indicate its meaning to the person from ancient times. What would such a person have understood and experienced when told that he had to be crucifi ed with Christ? To any individual from that social and historical context such a statement would have immediately conjured up a clear picture of the price that was to be paid. It would have meant the renunciation of everything that was dear and essential in the life of that person; rejection of family and friends; inhuman pain, both physically and emotionally, as well as the knowledge that the decision was irrevocable.