Demagnetization study of pulse-field magnetized bulk superconductors30 Apr 2018
GdBa2Cu3O7-δ bulk superconductors are a route to higher magnetic fields in rotating machines. Here we examine the resistance of pulse-field magnetized bulks to the demagnetization fields they may experience in such a system. The bulks were magnetized at 77 K, after which several thousand cycles of AC field were applied. Subsequently, the decay of the trapped field was characterized. We found the decay per cycle decreases with frequency and is, normalized to the initial trapped field, largest at the edge of the bulk. At 77 K the reduction in trapped field proved significant (25% in the center for 150 mT (peak) AC field at 6 Hz), however reducing below 1% when lowering the temperature to 60 K. We explain this observation as being due to increased flux pinning strength at low temperatures. When applying an AC field we found a temperature rise that increased with applied field amplitude and frequency. However, when applying an AC field of amplitude 45 mT with a frequency of 48 Hz we found an increase of the bulk temperature of only 100 mK. Therefore, we conclude the temperature rise within the analyzed AC field frequency and amplitude range does not contribute significantly to the decay of trapped field.