COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses XVI. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar DES J0408−5354 with high-cadence photometric monitoring

21 May 2018

© ESO, 2018. We present time-delay measurements for the new quadruple imaged quasar DES J04085354, the first quadruple imaged quasar found in the Dark Energy Survey (DES). Our result is made possible by implementing a new observational strategy using almost daily observations with the MPIA 2.2 m telescope at La Silla observatory and deep exposures reaching a signal-to-noise ratio of about 1000 per quasar image. This data qualityallows us to catch small photometric variations (a few mmag rms) of the quasar, acting on temporal scales much shorter than microlensing, and hence making the time delay measurement very robust against microlensing. In only seven months we very accurately measured one of the time delays in DES J04085354: - "t(AB) = 112.1 ± 2.1 days (1.8%) using only the MPIA 2.2 m data. In combination with data taken with the 1.2 m Euler Swiss telescope, we also measured two delays involving the D component of the system - "t(AD) = ± 12.8 days (8.2%) and - "t(BD) = 42.4 ± 17.6 days (41%), where all the error bars include systematics. Turning these time delays into cosmological constraints will require deep Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging or ground-based adaptive optics (AO), and information on the velocity field of the lensing galaxy.