A Log Domain Pulse Model for Parametric Speech Synthesis23 Apr 2018
Most of the degradation in current Statistical Parametric Speech Synthesis (SPSS) results from the form of the vocoder. One of the main causes of degradation is the reconstruction of the noise. In this article, a new signal model is proposed that leads to a simple synthesizer, without the need for ad-hoc tuning of model parameters. The model is not based on the traditional additive linear source-filter model, it adopts a combination of speech components that are additive in the log domain. Also, the same representation for voiced and unvoiced segments is used, rather than relying on binary voicing decisions. This avoids voicing error discontinuities that can occur in many current vocoders. A simple binary mask is used to denote the presence of noise in the time-frequency domain, which is less sensitive to classification errors. Four experiments have been carried out to evaluate this new model. The first experiment examines the noise reconstruction issue. Three listening tests have also been carried out that demonstrate the advantages of this model: comparison with the STRAIGHT vocoder; the direct prediction of the binary noise mask by using a mixed output configuration; and partial improvements of creakiness using a mask correction mechanism.