A bioflocculant supported dissolved air flotation system for the removal of suspended solids, lipids and protein matter from poultry slaughterhouse wastewater

01 Feb 2021

In this study, two previously identified isolates, i.e. Comamonas aquatica (BF-3) and Bacillus sp. BF-2, were determined to be suitable candidates to utilise in a bioflocculant-supported dissolved air flotation (Bio-DAF) system as a pretreatment system for poultry slaughterhouse wastewater (PSW). A 2% (v/v) (bioflocculant: PSW) strategy was used for the DAF to reduce total suspended solids (TSSs), lipids and proteins in the PSW, by supplementing the bioflocculants produced and the co-culture (C. aquatica BF-3 and Bacillus sp. BF-2) directly into the DAF. The bioflocculant-supported DAF (Bio-DAF) was able to reduce 91% TSS, 79% proteins and 93% lipids when the DAF system was operating at steady state, in comparison with a chemical DAF (Chem-DAF) operated using 2% (v/v) alum that was able to only reduce 84% TSS, 71% proteins and 92% lipids. It was concluded that the Bio-DAF system worked efficiently for the removal of suspended solids, lipids and proteins, achieving better results than when alum was used.