(1770) Proposal to conserve Calvatia nom. cons. (Basidiomycota, Lycoperdaceae) against an additional name, Lanopila

28 Jul 2020

Calvatia Fr. is a cosmopolitan genus of medium- to large-sized puffballs, the potential economic importance of which has been mentioned in Coetzee & Van Wyk (in Taxon 54: 541. 2005). The group comprises more than 35 species, all characterized by fruit-bodies that dehisce by irregular fragmentation of the peridium and not by an apical pore. Calvatia is already conserved against Omalycus Raf., Pr?cis D?couv. Somiol.: 52. 1814, the type of which is O. violacinus Raf., Langermannia Rostk. in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., sect. 3, 5: 23. 1839, the type of which is L. gigantea (Batsch : Pers.) Rostk. and Hippoperdon Mont. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., s?r. 2, 17: 121. 1842, the type of which is H. crucibulum Mont. Fries (in Fung. Natal.: 52. 1848) established the genus Lanopila to accommodate a puffball from the province of Natal (now KwaZulu-Natal), South Africa, which, in honour of its collector, he named Lanopila wahlbergii Fr. Lanopila was distinguished from Lycoperdon Pers. : Pers. and Sclero- derma Pers. : Pers. (the latter as Sterrebekia Link) on the basis of its smooth peridium and compact, elastic gleba, completely unattached to the peridium (etymology: Lanopila = woolly ball). The genus Lanopila was initially widely accepted (for example by Spegazzini in Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 12: 248. 1881 & in Revista Argent. Hist. Nat. 1: 169. 1891; De Toni, Syll. Fung. 7(1): 95?96. 1888; Massee in Ann. Bot. (London) 4: 30. 1889; Patouillard in Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 15: 203. 1899; Lloyd in Myc. Writ. 1: 190?191. 1904; Fries in Ark. Bot. 8(11): 15?17. 1909; Petch in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Per- adeniya) 7: 67. 1919; Lloyd in Myc. Writ. 7: 1177. 1923; Ver- woerd in Ann. Univ. Stellenbosch, Reeks A, Wis.-Natuurk. 3: 10, 24?26. 1925; Fischer in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflan-zenfam., ed. 2, 7a: 63?64. 1933; Swoboda in Ann. Mycol. 35:1?14. 1937; Bottomley in Bothalia 4: 577?579. 1948; Zeller in Mycologia 41: 48?49. 1949; Ahmad in Sydowia 4: 39?43. 1950; Dennis in Kew Bull. 8: 326. 1953; and Ainsworth, Dict. Fung., ed. 5. 1961).